We are an Outstanding Church School (SIAMS)

Geography

(Taken from The National Curriculum in England 2014)

The teaching of Geography should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. Geographical knowledge , understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earths features at different scales are shaped , interconnected and change over time.

The curriculum aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places-both terrestrial and marine- including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide geographical context for understanding the actions of processes.

  • Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time.

  • Are competent in the geographical skills needed to :

    Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes.

    Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).

    Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps and writing at length.

Attainment Targets.

By the end of each Key Stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant Programme of Study.

 

Key Stage 1.

Locational Knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Place Knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and of a small area in a contrasting non- European country.

Human and Physical Geography. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to- beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, river , soil , valley, season and weather.

  • Human features inc, city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port , harbour, shop.

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studies at this key stage.

  • Use simple compass directions and locational and directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks; devise a simple map and construct basic symbols in a key.

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds.

 

Key Stage 2.

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America.

Locational Knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps.

  • Name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions

  • Identify the position and significance of latitude ,longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Artic, Antartic Circle, The Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones.

 

Place Knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.

 

Human and Physical Geography. Pupils should be taught to:

  • Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains , volcanoes, earthquakes and the water cycle.

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork. Pupils should be taught to:

-use maps, atlases, globes and digital computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studies.

- use the eight points of a compass , four and six-figure grid references, symbols and keys.

-use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.